Quick Overview Unusual cactus-like succulent Slender columnar segments forming a tall, rounded, spiky bush Full sun Well-drained gritty substrate. You could receive 20 Palm Points for writing a review for this product.
Review this Product. Euphorbia enopla, Pincushion Spurge is a slender cactus-like ribbed succulent Euphorbia from a relatively small geographical range focused on the western part of Eastern Cape around Willowmore and northeast towards Jansenville and Graaff-Reinet. It forms slender columnar stems that branch profusely - particularly from the base - and in time form a tall rounded spiky clump. In its native range it can form a bush to 1 metre high.
The spines are reddish-brown turning purple-blackish and becoming grey with age. A very attractive easy-to cultivate Euphorbia that makes an ideal houseplant. It needs a well-drained gritty substrate and a light touch with the watering. Grows well with some partial shade.
Well-drained, sandy, gritty mix. Water sparingly, not at all during winter. Can be outdoors during the summer growing months. Ideal houseplant Eventual Height to 1m Eventual Spread 60 cm Hardiness Cold tolerant and takes a light frost in its native range but not a frost-hardy plant in the much colder and wetter UK.
Indoors only or in a cool glasshouse. You may also be interested in the following items. Collect Palm Points when you first Register. They require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. More die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbia s need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerate wet soil.
Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole.
Feed with a half-strength fertilizer monthly if you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor. Euphorbia can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate or even find. It is usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky because of the exuding sap.
Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbia s. They tend to grow problem-free, but there are a few pests and diseases to be alert for. See more at How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia.
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The ribs of this succulent shrub are covered in thick, red spines just over a half-inch in length. As they age, the spines take on a purplish shade and eventually become gray. The branches of Euphorbia enopla tend to grow in a vertical manner, resulting in an almost candelabra-like appearance.
There are leaves, but they stay quite small and only remain attached for a brief time. When in bloom, these plants produce either male or female flowers. Male flowers are a vibrant yellow in color, while female flowers are a deep shade of red. Male flowers are frequently much larger than the females.
The cristate form of this plant is called Euphorbia enopla cristata and can be distinguished from the original variety by the crested, fan-shaped branches. As with the original, the crested variety is also covered in bright red spines, though the spines are not as numerous. Euphorbia enopla cristata tends to stay quite small, reaching only about four inches in diameter. Caring for the cristate form is as easy as growing the original variety as their care requirements are the same.
As previously mentioned, Euphorbia enopla is not a difficult plant to care for. In fact, more of these succulents tend to die from overwatering than neglect. Though they enjoy more water than other similar-looking species, care should be taken to ensure that these plants only receive as much water as they need and no more. Their branches can become quite long and may not be strong enough to support themselves without additional support.
Like other species of succulent, Euphorbia enopla prefers to be watered deeply but infrequently. It should be watered heavily enough for the excess to drain out the hole in the bottom of the pot but allow the soil to dry out before watering again.
In its native region, this cactus receives rainfall during both the summer and winter, so it can safely be watered year-round. However, if not kept in consistent conditions year-round, E. During dormancy, watering is not necessary. Otherwise, you may accidentally overwater the plant. The soil can be checked by either inserting a soil moisture meter or your finger into the soil near the base of the plant.
If the soil feels moist, or the meter reads moist, you need to wait a few days before checking again. Do not water until the soil is dry. If overwatered, Euphorbia are prone to developing root rot , which is usually a death sentence for the plant. Euphorbia enopla need quite a lot of light in order to keep their growth compact. When grown indoors, these plants do best in a bright window. A south-facing window is ideal, but a west or east-facing window may also work.
Without enough light, E. They will become untidy and leggy as they grow to seek out more light. Full-spectrum grow lights are typically quite inexpensive and easy to set up. Again, full sun is best, but partial shade may also work, especially in hot climates. In cooler climates, it can be taken indoors during the winter, so just make sure to plant it in an easily movable container rather than in the ground.
Euphorbia enopla is capable of tolerating a light frost, but only when dry. This is not a plant that can grow outdoors in climates where winters are frigid. If you live in a climate where it typically stays above freezing during the winter, this plant can easily be grown outdoors. In terms of heat, E. As mentioned earlier, the color may bleach some, but the plant will survive. When kept indoors, temperatures are generally consistent enough not to worry about.
As with other species of succulent, Euphorbia enopla prefer well-draining soil with large particles to encourage airflow around the roots. A quick draining mineral-based substrate is essential in preventing accidental overwatering and root rot. Avoid using soil mixes with large amounts of ingredients such as clay, coconut coir, and peat moss. These materials will encourage the retention of water and will not allow the soil to dry out as quickly as Euphorbia would like.
Instead, look for soil mixes with ingredients such as coarse sand, gravel, perlite, and even bark. Some organic material is fine so long as the majority of the mix is comprised of gritty mineral substrate. This type of mix allows for faster drainage than soils formulated for use with flowers and vegetables. If your E. Most succulent gardeners recommend a NPK formulated fertilizer for Euphorbia.
A properly draining container is essential in caring for Euphorbia enopla. Choosing a well-draining soil will do no good if the excess water is not able to drain out of the pot. As with any succulent, proper drainage is key in preventing root rot. It is not recommended to plant Euphorbia in a container without a drainage hole as you must be incredibly precise in your watering schedule to prevent accidental overwatering. This latex is poisonous and may irritate skin.
P ay extreme attention not to get any in your eyes or mouth. Cultivated plants must be handled carefully. Origin : South-western South Africa. Common Name : Pincushion Euphorbia. In particular E. Flowers have striking dark red bracts. Cultivation: Common and relatively easy to grow plant for pot culture.
It grows well in a very draining mineral potting substrate, but it isn't picky about soil. The area where this plant is native receives rains both in winter and summer, so it can be watered moderately all year around except in the coldest month of the winter, as it rot easily ,especially if over-wet.
During the summer, they enjoy average feeding and watering. Mature healthy plants are tough and can also be grown outside where frost is not too severe, but when left out it is more sensitive to frost. They do need a lot of light to keep their compact growth-form, but different clones vary in their tolerance of full sunshine.
The plants that are not kept in full sun grow faster, but became untidy and may need support as they get larger, or branches fall off. But if grown in the protection of light shade, the thick purple spines of this low-growing clumping columnar plant have the best colour.
Sometimes, in really hot full sun all day long, a plant will bleach out a bit. It soon grows into a large, many stemmed specimen, and it can fill a 30 cm bowl. It is also a prolific bloomer, and makes a spectacular specimen. Propagation: It is propagated by cuttings or seeds.